On 3 October 2019, the European and Securities Markets Authority (ESMA) published an updated version of its Q&As on investor protection and intermediaries under MiFID II and MIFIR.

The updated Q&As modify the answer to question 8 on best execution concerning how the RTS 27 and RTS 28 reports should be made available to the public.

The updated Q&As also modify the answer to question 1 on other issues in relation to how the term “ongoing relationship” is used and should be understood in the context of MiFID II.