On 12 November 2018, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) published an updated version of its Q&As on the Market Abuse Regulation (MAR). The updated Q&As inserts one new question on the application of the prohibition contained in Article 19(11) MAR to issuers. Specifically, the new question asks whether the prohibition encompasses transactions of the issuer relating to its own financial instruments even if it is the person discharging managerial responsibilities taking the decision or bringing a previous decision into practice?