On 20 July 2021, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) issued its latest report in the use of supervisory sanctions by Member State competent authorities (NCAs) under the UCITS IV Directive. The report has been prepared in accordance with Article 99e(1) of the UCITS IV Directive and covers the period from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020. In this period 13 NCAs imposed a total of 57 penalties. The total aggregated value of financial penalties imposed amounted to around EUR 1,100,986. 11 NCAs imposed a total of 43 measures. 13 NCAs did not impose any sanction (penalty or measure) during the period.