On 23 November 2021, the European Securities and Markets Authority published its annual report on administrative and criminal sanctions, as well as other administrative measures, issued across the European Union under the Market Abuse Regulation in 2020.

The annual report describes an increase in the number of administrative sanctions and measures in 2020 compared to 2019, reaching 541 from 279 the preceding year. However, it also found that the financial penalties imposed are significantly lower, reaching only €17.5 million in 2020, compared to €82 million in 2019.